Board of Directors site visit at Kampong Chhnang Airport ( Jan 19, 2010)

Existing military airfield built by China in 1979 during the cold war period. This airstrip is in good serviceable condition and our development plan is based on rehabilitating the 2.5 km runway and extending it to accommodate most types of aircrafts, including the 747 series. The existing small airport tower and other buildings are in need of restoration work and extension for phase 1, and to be fully replacement eventually.
The Royal Government of Cambodia is promoting the development of the Kampong Chhnang Airport as a National and Regional Gateway for International air traffic to and from Cambodia, as well as the development of a National and Regional Transport Hub and Free Enterprise Zone.
Just 95km from Phnom Penh and central to other regional centers like Siem Reap, Pouhitisat and Battambang, Kampong Chhnang International Airport (KCIA) is ideally positioned for long term development and future growth of the country.

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Kampong Chhnang International Airport Project

 http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&t=k&ll=12.261592516491774,104.56553220748901&z=16
http://virtualglobetrotting.com/map/kampong-chhnang-airport-vdkh/view/?service=0
http://wikimapia.org/#lat=12.2436431&lon=104.5841789&z=14&l=0&m=b


(Click to enlarge)

KAMPONG CHHNANG INTERNATIONAL
Airport - Transport Hub - Free Enterprise Zone

Executive Summary

This plan is conceptualized around an existing military airfield built by China in 1979 during the cold war period. This airstrip is in good serviceable condition and our development plan is based on rehabilitating the 2.5 km runway and extending it to accommodate most types of aircrafts, including the 747 series. The existing small airport tower and other buildings are in need of restoration work and extension for phase 1, and to be fully replacement eventually.

Because of the central position and ready situation, the Royal Government of Cambodia is promoting the development of the Kampong Chhnang Airport as a National and Regional Gateway for International air traffic to and from Cambodia, as well as the development of a National and Regional Transport Hub and Free Enterprise Zone.
Just 95km from Phnom Penh and central to other regional centers like Siem Reap, Pouhitisat and Battambang, Kampong Chhnang International Airport (KCIA) is ideally positioned for long term development and future growth of the country.

Its location at the epicenter of the World’s most populous trading bloc will also prove an advantage to cargo operators and the concomitant upstream and downstream activities and industries.
With Cambodia’s entry into the WTO, KCIA will offer a cost effective entry point at the doorstep of China and the Region. An “air bridge” is to be established between Kampong Chhnang and strategic points within China and other major Regional Centers. The lower input costs at the Kampong Chhnang Hub will translate into lower tonnage costs. Cargo can be “bulked” (consolidated) or “broken” into smaller loads for shipment. The lower input costs can be passed on to clients, making ton/kilometer costs extremely competitive, when compared with locations such as Macau, Hong Kong, Bangkok or Singapore.

Tourism Development in Cambodia

Considering the importance of Tourism to the Cambodia’s economic development, the Royal Government of Cambodia has determined tourism to be one of the highest prioritized strategies in the National Economic Development Plan.

In the National Tourism Development Plan for Cambodia, prepared by the Royal Government of Cambodia, United Nations Development Program (UNDP) and World Tourism Organization (WTO), the Phnom Penh, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville and Ratanakiri areas have been selected for short and long-term promotion of tourism development – and the KCI Airport is central to all these locations.
Furthermore, Cambodia is in urgent need of an International Airport that is capable of accommodating larger aircrafts, like 747s, as this lack of facility is seriously affecting Cambodia’s development.

Cambodia is full of wide range promising tourism resources like worldwide well-known temples and ruins, such as the Angkor Wat Complex, as well as nature and wildlife for eco-tourism and wants to explore this tourism potential.
Without a doubt, Cambodia’s main tourist attraction is the Angkor Wat Complex, which has been under the jurisdiction of UNESCO since 1992 as a World Heritage Site. Local and overseas efforts continue in preserving and reconstructing Angkor in order to further the worldwide awareness and high potential to bring visitors to Cambodia.

However, the increasingly heavy air traffic over Siem Reap and Angkor Wat is inflicting serious air pollution which can result in serious and non-reversible damage to the heritage site. As the number of tourists is expected to grow rapidly, not only in Cambodia generally, but specifically in Siem Reap, it is imperative to provide and improve needed air transport facilities in order to meet future demand.

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The KCI Development Plan
International Airport
for Passenger & Air Freight with an Open Skies Policy and adjoining
Free Enterprise Zone & Freight/Transport Hub
 Air - International Airport
Road - Trans Asian Highway
Rail - Trans Asian Railway
River - to Vietnam and the Gulf of Thailand
Fiber Optic Cable & Satellite Communication

This preliminary master plan covers phase 1 of the project development which includes; upgrading of the Airport to be daylight operational, the Free Enterprise Zone infrastructure and phase 1 constructions, establishment of the Air, Road and Rail Transport Hub and the initial planning and infrastructure of a tourism resort and support facilities.

Phase 2 is covered only by an overall budget estimate, as detailed costs will be subject to an in-depth feasibility study, which is part of the phase 1 budget.
The central position and ready situation of KCI as a National and Regional Gateway and Transport Hub, Free Enterprise Zone and a transit Tourism Centre are unique and present high potential for commercial development.
The Air Freight Hub and the Free Enterprise Zone will be developed concurrently with tourism and transportation facilities. The use of passenger aircraft freight capacity will enhance the inherent competitive and comparative advantages for its development as a major regional freight hub.

Additionally, with the planned introduction of a “KCI Bank” within the FEZ, it is also planned to establish KCI as an International Banking and Financial Center. The combined investment and financial transactions by participating international parties in the establishment and operation of manufacturing, warehousing, trading and tourism facilities, with the utilization of the Free Enterprise Zone, Transport Hub and Airport, will will be a catalyst to the Cambodian Economy with a multi-billion dollar turnover over the next years and will create training, employment and business opportunities for many thousands of Cambodians.

The airport and adjoining Free Enterprise Zone will be an ongoing development over the next 7 to 8 years, with the total projected expenditure estimated to exceed 5 billion US dollars. However, after the early capital investment, as proposed herein, ongoing project funding will be derived from operational proceeds, including revenues from land sales, licensing fees, property sales, airport and auxiliary operations, management contracts project and JV project developments within.


Additionally, the implementation of the KCI project is also significant in regards to Cambodia’s strategic Socio-demographic Development.

There is an increasing influx of people into Phnom Penh from many surrounding Provinces, resulting in an accelerated growth pattern that puts enormous strain and pressure on the city’s facilities and infrastructure. Additionally, it is not a desirable situation where a growing number of people leave their homes and families in the provinces to seek employment and better living conditions in the nation’s capital city.
KCI has the potential to take play an important role by providing employment, schooling and training to tens of thousands of people and their families and consequently take pressure of Phnom Penh through decentralization.
KCI - LOCATION MAP AND SITE PLAN
The original 20,000ha KCI project site is located within the Kampong Chhnang Province in Cambodia, bordered by the river, highway 5 and the railway line. The site is only 95 km from Phnom Penh and about 4 to 5 hours by road to the Sihanoukville Deep Sea Port.



Preliminary Master Plan

1. Confirmation of Concessions:

The original concessions that were agreed under Royal Assent must be retained and transferred to the new project company. These concessions are essential in order to sustain the viability of the project and ensure revenue income, which can be shared by the Royal Government of Cambodia and the Project Consortium.

The signing of the Kampong Chhnang JV Agreement between the Royal Government of Cambodia and DragonGold, in December 1996.

The fundamental concessions agreement was for an area of 20,000 ha, which could be extended to a total land area of 30,000 hectares, with the special concessions and Royal Decrees for the airport and a 12,500 hectares Free Enterprise Zone to remain.

2. Initial Site Clearance and Security:

We will cooperate with the operating project consortium group by the Royal Government of Cambodia (RGC).

Squatters must be removed and existing farmers advised of the impending changes in the use of the land. Although the RGC will be responsible for compensations, we recommend easing possible hardship through support and cooperation.

Where possible, employment will be offered as and when appropriate to persons presently living within the cur tillage of the project.
Site perimeters will be set, including some security fencing, to mark the limits of responsibility and trespass.

3. Temporary Offices and Facilities:

Existing buildings will be renovated and/or refurbished for the immediate administration, operational set up, including airport.
 
Temporary accommodation will be required for project administration, operations and security staff. As soon as is possible, permanent accommodation should be provided for our own as well as other incoming parties’ for airport and free enterprise zone staff.

4. Objections:

The RGC will be responsible for assuring the Open Skies Policy and assurance of no interference from current airport operators in Cambodia.

5. Planning:

The original plan was concept detailed by Dragongold and associates. The basic concept was in itself realistic and should be adopted with cognisance being given to the changes in the local and international market.

Our knowledgeable and experienced team to be utilised for updating, improving and expanding the concept, preferably with Fraser Thomas as the primary Project Consultant.

6. Industrial Zone:

The free enterprise (trade) industrial zone should be intended to fully utilise the railway, airport, roadway and river transits.

The zone will service international tenants, consumers and local industries, from established to starter.

The zone should be operated by an appointed Council, exercising control and management over the development of the site, ongoing tenant business, maintain common utilities, and market the overall FEZ.

7. Tourist Zone:

Tourist areas and resorts, plus on site hotels and leisure facilities will enhance the use-age of KC International Airport.

Transit interfacing with river, road and rail would be tourist friendly, as well as business user friendly.

A high speed hydrofoil ferry service could link KCIA with Seam Reap and Phnom Penh.

The site could accommodate sporting facilities, from golf to power-sports of all types, land-four wheel and two wheel, and water-sailing to hydro; sprint-all possible crowd pullers with the further possibility that competition equipment and machines could be manufactured on the KCI FEZ.
 
8. Airport and Airline Staff Dormitory Village:

A ‘domestic dormitory’ village will be required for visiting and resident airport and FEZ employees. The village could be tastefully laid out Khmer style as part of the overall tourist attraction of the site.

9. Oil and Gas Base:

The FEZ is near to the Mekong Basin, a location possibly rich in natural gas and/or oil.

We envisage using the FEZ as an exploration base for drilling equipment and consumables as well as a domestic location for crews.
The site will be useful for its locale as well as communications and security.

10. Oil, Fuel Loop and Unloading Station

Lubricants and fuels will be supplied to the KCIA and FEZ sites by rail.
A spur from the main KSML line will be installed.

Turnouts and run around siding will be installed near to the tank farm for the transfer of oils and fuels via a manifold and distribution pump station.

Empty rail cars will be replaced by full tank cars ensuring consistent reliable supplies.

Provision will be made for non aviation lubricants and fuels to be dispensed via a loading gantry or similar.

11. Railway: ISO container dry port

The FEZ will provide facilities for handling ISO transit containers. The containers may be loaded, unloaded, repaired, and re-liveried or stack stored in the secured FEZ.

Containers will all be identified. Chips can be installed to track containers if required by the customer.
Tracking will involve container movement within the ASEAN region or fully internationally. A control centre will be installed for this purpose.

Railway Passenger and Cargo terminal

A terminal will be installed for the handling of passengers and baggage to and from K.C.I.A.

The terminal may be augmented by a fast track express service at a later date and provision will be made for this purpose in the planning of the rail terminus.

Project Highlights
As part of the proposed development, substantial Humanitarian, Social and Community Projects and Programs are planned, incorporating various health and employment related schemes.
The list of the proposed Community facilities includes:
• A turnkey 200 bed Hospital
• Herbal Medical & Recreation Centre
• HIV and Drug Rehabilitation Centre
• Water purification and distribution
• Schools, College and University
• Technical Training Centers
• Low Cost Housing
• Community Center
• Prosthetic Limb Factory to help land mine victims
• Stadium and Sports Complex
• Job creation and training schemes
• Orphanage
• Care Centre for the Elderly
• Infrastructure & Sewerage Treatment Plant
 
The Airport, FEZ Industries and Activities, Commercial & Tourism, Residential include but are not restricted to:
• Airport and Transport related support industries including cold stores
• Provision & storage of fuel & lubricants
• Aircraft Maintenance
• Aircraft Services and Reconditioning
• Aviation Collage
• Dry Dock and Transport Hub
• Telecommunications Hub with Broadband facilities, linked to Satellite
• IT Industries and “Just-in-Time” Manufacturing
• Industries related to the infrastructure and construction of major facilities
• Residential Estates and Water Front Housing
• Light industrial support servicing estates
• World Trade Centre
• Milk Reconstitution Plant
• Rice Processing Factory/Mill
• Fish Processing (from adjoining river and lake to service Aquaculture)
• Textile Industries
• Car/Motorbike Assembly Plant
• Food Industries, including growing and distribution of fresh organic produce
• Pharmaceutical
• On site Quarry, sand, gravel, and concrete
• Golf Resort, Hotel & Private Club and Tourism
• Wild Life Park
• Banking and Financial Services

With the completion of the Airport Phase 1, there will be additional facilities to accommodate a range of industries, traditionally associated with an Air Freight and Transport Hub, including facilities for processing and storage of a range of local primary products.

It is estimated that over the next five years employment, training and business opportunities for over 50,000 people will be created.

International and Regional Financial Centre
It is planned to establish KCI as an International Banking and Financial Center and the proposed “Global City Bank” will act and perform a role of the KCI “Central Bank”.

The airport and adjoining Free Enterprise Zone will be an ongoing development over the next 5 to 6 years, with the projected expenditure estimated to exceed 5 billion US dollars. The combined financial requirements and transactions by individual companies from all parts of the world for buildings, developments, operations, manufacturing and trading facilities, with the utilization of the Free Enterprise Zone and Airport, will create an additional multi-billion dollar turnover. To facilitate this, other Cambodian and International Banks will be invited to establish offices within the Free Enterprise Zone.


Tourism and Entertainment
With the planned Golf & Country Resort, Hotels, Private Club, International Racecourse, Stadium and Sports Complex and world class Wildlife Park, as well as direct air and high speed ferry links to the nearby Angkor Wat in Siem Reap, one of the “seven wonders of the world”, KCI is set to evolve into a tourist centre that will be recognized and sought after worldwide. Such Tourist Industry will result in generating substantial financial transactions and currency exchanges.

High Speed Express Train

Connecting KCIA with Phnom Penh & Siem Reap
The project site lies some 95 km from Phnom Penh. Travel by road is slow and rough. Travel by train is even slower, as is.

The present railway is single track, one metre gauge. Considerations should be to upgrade the present rail system as soon as is possible with a double track in the near future, complying with the need for the KSML to be uniform throughout its length.

An independent fast track link from the airport to town centres, Phnom Penh at first and as a second phase Siem Reap, would be essential. At grade railway operations will be subject to impact exposures, road and rail crossings, persons and animals.

An elevated rail structure with two termini is the likely answer for a fast and safe system.

The railway should be standard gauge with lightweight vehicle consists operating at frequent intervals to clear the termini, both ends.

An alternative to standard gauge would be monorail or maglev. We also will investigate the possibility of the latest in Train technology, namely “Magna Lift”, which promises to be one of the fastest and smoothest train services to be available in near future.

Competitive and Comparative Advantages
The KCI Air and Transport Hub and Free Enterprise Zone will have inherent competitive and comparative advantages. Its location at the epicenter of the World’s most populous trading bloc will prove an advantage to cargo operators and the concomitant upstream and downstream activities and industries.

The current and future double-digit growth in cargo traffic and freighter aircraft (Boeing and Airbus Market Forecasts) dictates that an all-cargo hub in the world’s fastest growing trading bloc is indeed timely.

With China’s entry into the WTO, Global City offers a cost effective entry point at the doorstep of China. An “air bridge” is to be established between Global City and strategic points within China. The lower input costs at the Global City Hub will translate into lower tonnage costs. Cargo can be “bulked” (consolidated) or “broken” into smaller loads for shipment. The lower input costs can be passed on to clients, making tonnage/kilometer costs extremely competitive when compared with locations such as Macau, Hong Kong, Bangkok or Singapore.

KCI will be equipped with the most modern, up-to-date Communication Infrastructure. The entire Free Trade Zone, as well as the entire City, will be equipped with a wireless network, supporting mobile, wireless Internet and Broadband access at any location within the site. The existing on site fiber optic cable and the planned Satellite link will be providing high quality, efficient and low cost national and international telecommunication.

The excellent all year round dependable weather, free from typhoons, earthquakes and monsoons, will allow maximum airport utilization and effective industrial and tourist activities. Taking this into consideration, plus the central regional position, combined with a duty and tax-free environment and the lowest user charges in the region; traffic by air, road and rail, and subsequently business, will be drawn to KCI.

Planning
Briefly, the planning should be in phases to develop the facilities and revenue earn as quickly as is possible:

Phase 1 – Development on ‘as is’:
The runway is apparently in good serviceable condition, essentially for aircrafts up to 737 sizes.

There are no power aircraft handling and communication facilities on site. These will be required immediately.

Package ‘instant airport’ equipment supplied pre packed in containers should be obtained for speedy installation and ensuring aircraft operations at the earliest possible date. The cost for such package is approximately $US 8 million.

In addition to aviation control facilities, we will require fire fighting and emergency equipment and trained crews. Ground handling, servicing and fuelling facilities will also be required.

The Civil Aviation Authority should be consulted for this phase and following phases to ensure compliance with international requirements.

Phase 2 – Runway Extension to accommodate large aircraft:
The present runway can be extended to handle larger aircraft. Commensurate with the civil works, utilities and ground handling service, passenger terminal facilities etc will also be required to be increased.

Phase 3 – Projected installation of parallel runway and taxiway:
There is ample space on the project site for increase of operations if and when required in future.

Industrial Zone:
The allocated 12,500 ha free trade industrial zone will be designed to fully utilise the railway, airport, roadway and river transits.

The zone should service international tenants, consumers and local industries from established to starter.

The zone could be operated by a tenant landlord who will exercise control over the development of the site, ongoing tenant business, maintain common utilities, and market the overall FEZ.
 
Development of light goods and electronics industries
Ideally, light weight easily transited, high value, minimal input merchandise should be fabricated or assembled.

Made in Cambodia quota business from China could be a consideration.

Distributors
Critical electronic and mechanical components, medical equipment and service/repairs,
The airport is centrally located in the ASEAN region. Thus a ‘just in time’ service could be provided for the supply of critical components in the power generation, chemical and medical industries. A spares holding depot could be constructed serving the region with ‘lease’ parts such as turbines, blades, shafts, etc. Long term service agreement organisations could benefit by basing their parts sourcing within the FEZ.

Courier Service
A ‘natural’ central base for cargo and express delivery service organisations. Fast cross dock or cross aircraft service could easily be set up with aircraft being loaded/unloaded on the apron adjacent to the handling/holding warehouse.
Inspection service – fuel, oils, etc.

Organisations requiring having a central inspection laboratory could find value in being centrally located in the region. The service would ‘tie in’ with the courier service.

Tourism and leisure facilities
Fast track passenger processing along with immediate access to the tourist areas, plus on site hotel and leisure facilities would enhance the use-age of KC International Airport.

Transit interfacing with river, road and rail would be tourist friendly as also business user friendly.

A high speed river service could link KCIA with Seam Reap and Phnom Penh.
 
The site could accommodate sport from golf to power-sports of all types, land – four wheel and two wheel, and water – sailing to hydro sprint – all possible crowd pullers with the further possibility that competition equipment and machines could be manufactured on the FEZ.

Airport and airline staff dormitory village
A ‘domestic dormitory’ village will be required for visiting and resident airport and FEZ employees. The village could be tastefully laid out Khmer style as part of the overall tourist attraction of the site.

Other Aspects:

Marketing:
A marketing department will be required very quickly to generate revenue as quickly as possible.
The department should be manned and managed by staff members with knowledge of the region, and of Cambodia in particular.
All aspects of marketing should be considered - aviation anchor consumers, FEZ, tourism including golf/leisure resort, etc., etc.

Aircraft Anchor Tenants:
Recent discussions indicate that Air Asia may be interested in setting up base and use KCIA as a service stop.

Discussions will require to be made known as to where Air Asia’s intent lies as they could be a substantial anchor consumer and tenant.

P.T. Edwards of Jakarta have also shown reasonable interest in being based in KCIA. Their aircraft are capable of operating from the airport ion phase 1 set up conditions and revenue earn from three months of start up.

Service Anchor Tenants:

Phase one radar, operational aids and communications
As earlier notes, phase 1 can be stet up with packaged equipment and have that airport aircraft safety use-able within three months of assignment.
 
Compliance with Civil Aviation Authorities requirements
As a pre-requisite, the Cambodian Civil Aviation Authority will require to be involved in all aircraft and airport activities. International standards will require to be complied with.

Fire Protection and Emergency Management
As with CAA, industrial standards will require to be met commensurate with all classes of operations as KCIA develops.

Security Management
It is envisaged to establish an in-house security department/company.
The department will be aimed at securing the well being of staff, domestic interests, assets, construction sites, stores and of course the airport.
The department will also provide fee paid service to third parties. Service will include investigation and surveillance, VIP protection, etc.
The department/company will be headed up/partnered by security professionals currently employed with the Ministry of Interior in high ranked, specialist positions.
Employees will be subjected to background searches, health, and ongoing career development training.

Road/Highway Access

Until the completion of the planned Trans Asian Highway some years ahead, which will cross the KCIA property, the existing Highway 5 would need to be improved and upgraded in some places to facilitate smooth and fast transit to and from Phnom Penh.
Part of this upgrade is a by-pass of Kampong Chhnang town and a second by-pass of Oudong town, totalling about 25 km of new road to be built.

Railway:
ISO container dry port
The FEZ will provide facilities for handling ISO transit containers. The containers may be loaded, unloaded, repaired, and re-liveried or stack stored in the secured FEZ.
Tracking will involve container movement within the ASEAN region or fully internationally. A control centre will be installed for this purpose.
 
Oil, fuel loop and unloading station
Lubricants and fuels will be supplied to the KCIA and FEZ by rail.
Turnouts and run around siding will be installed near to the tank farm for the transfer of oils and fuels via a manifold and distribution pumps station.
Loop to main line
As an earlier note, a 22 km spur will be constructed to link KCIA with the main rail line.
The Royal Government of Cambodia will require making the alignment available for this purpose.

Aviation College:

A college is proposed for the training of pilots, civil and military aircraft, maintenance and ground handling crews, and associated airport functions. The college will be necessary to ensure that the airport operates to safe and efficient international standards.
The college will also serve as a tourist attraction venue with a flight museum playing host to aircraft used by Cambodia over the years. The external aircraft park will have a restaurant and shop to contribute revenue to upkeep of the facility.

Heritage and Craft Village:
As a tourist and revenue earning venture, the village will serve to house rural people and display the rural way of life. Crafts will be manufactured for sale in the village to visitors and also for export.
The village can also demonstrate farming with an area set aside for rice growing and harvesting, typical Cambodian farm animals, and of course a water buffalo pond.

Hospital and Clinic:

It is planned to build a hospital and clinic with school and training facilities to assist in sustaining hospital operations for Cambodia.

Paramedic and Air Ambulance Facilities:

Consideration will be given to providing an aircraft that can be used for paramedic or emergency overseas and local treatment service.
 

Schedule of proposed Businesses for International
Airport and Free Enterprise Zone

(A number of listed categories include businesses who either;
Expressed strong interest or are targeted as appropriate or possible)
Airport Tenants
• Major airlines and operators:
• Major air freight operator with substantial Warehouse and some aircraft storage space, dedicated taxiways and hardstand area:
• Minor air freight operators using facilities on a pay for use basis:
• Cold Store operator:
• Tourist charter operators and minor aircraft operators:
• Bond Stores if required:
• Duty Free Shopping:
• Freight forwarders and customs agents:
• Aircraft Spares and regional maintenance:
• Aircraft Spares and regional Maintenance:
• General Airport line services:
• Airport Cleaning & Maintenance:
• Airport Hospital / Flying Doctors:

Helicopter Services:
Industrial, Commercial and General

• Fuel Supplier:
• Petrol Station/ motel/ convenience store:
• IT Networking Services:
• Supply & Manufacturing of Scientific Lab Equipment:
• Electronic Surveillance Equip. Manufacturer:
Insurance:
Building Systems :
Quarry operator, sand, river gravel and ready mix:
• Paint manufacture and painting contractors;
• Electrical contracting for all sections:
• Plumbing contractor for all plumbing including sewerage, water, roofing:
• Furniture and furnishings and all household requirements:
• Mechanical and auto spare parts or assembling:
• General Transport including bus and people moving generally:
• Banking and financial services:
Water supply:
• Mineral Water Bottling Plant:
• Fish processing with connection to fish farming and harvesting:
• Rice processing with connection to rice farming:
• Milk processing with connection to local dairy industry:
• Agricultural College:
• Flour milling:
• Supermarket, bakery:
• Battery egg production:
• Fresh Produce:
• Communications and Telephony Company:
• Packaging manufacturer both plastic and paper:
• Pharmaceutical warehousing and manufacturing:
• Oil and Gas Exploration:
•Lighting Manufacturer:

Tourism
• 400 + room 4 star Tourist Hotel:
• 5 star Hotel for business travelers:
• Wild Life park and conservation area operator:
• Golf Course:
• Bus and tour boat operations:
• Duty and Tax free shopping facilities:
• Bus and tour boat/hovercraft operations:

We envisage regional airlines and aircraft operators to use KCIA as a regional base, taking advantage of lower fees and fuel costs as well as aircraft maintenance.
 
Associated Projects
Railway

The current rail system and network needs to be upgraded and extended Cambodia wide and we will cover this subject in our separate Rail proposal. This would include a new track configuration to the Vietnam border to link with China and Europe.
For this new alignment, road and rail bridges over the Tonle Sap and Mekong rivers will need to be constructed.
Also required will be an express rail transit system from Global City to Phnom Pen and Siem Reap.
Details of railway upgrades and project costs need be presented in a separate study but we estimate Phase 1 to be USD100,00,000.00 (partly under construction by other parties) and for Phase 2, the Kunming link to the Vietnam border, including rail/road bridges over the Mekong and Tonle Sap rivers. Total cost, including rolling stock, is estimated to be US$1,400,000.00.

Roads
The current highways linking Phnom Penh – KCIA – Siem Reap – Poipet are poorly built and traveling is slow because of rural traffic, motorbikes and driving through built up areas.
A four lane express highway system, with bypasses of populated and built up areas, is required to provide fast and safe travel.
This highway can be planned and incorporated with the proposed Trans Asian Highway, linking Cambodia with Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Vietnam and China.
The plan for such highway construction and upgrading program is presented in a separate document, showing an initial cost estimate of about USD 550 Million.
 
Summarized Schedule for Development Plan Phase 1
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January 2010: Provide funds for Mobilization/Start-up purchase of 20,000ha land, as well as a provision for Consultant and Government Approval and License fees – total of USD 708 million. Present the Kampong Chhnang Business plan (Phase 1 and draft Master Plan), with proof of funds and draw down schedule, to the representatives of The Royal Government of Cambodia at Phnom Penh for their approval and / or modification.
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January 2010 to February 2010: Finalize Joint Venture Agreement with The Royal Government of Cambodia. Establish KCI Bank.
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Constituted the Board of Kampong Chhnang International, set up Corporate Organizational Structure as previously agreed, and finalize banking arrangements (through KCI Bank?) for operation. Set guidelines for individual Joint Venture applications etc. Negotiations and approval of preliminary applications from various Industries wishing to participate – PARTLY COMPLETED.
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February 2010: Establish permanent project administration and appoint technical and logistic Consultants from a panel of invited applicants in the specific categories, as set out in the draft Master plan, to cover all aspects of the development. Approve final quotations, negotiate construction costs, and finalize contracts for phase 1 works.
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February 2010 to March 2010: Make available phase 1 funds to commence Airport, Free Enterprise Zone and Industrial Infrastructure. Complete Feasibility studies, surveys and final Master Plan. Commence marketing program and negotiate participation with various parties from preferred and selected countries.
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March 2010 to July 2010: Take advantage of the rest of the dry season to complete phase 1 works and hold Airport opening ceremony. It is expected that during this period contracts will be assigned for essential services covering airport operation, including fuel supplies, minor servicing, freight handling and passenger services. We would also expect to establish/contract operation of the on-site Quarry in conjunction with Ready Mix concrete, Concrete Block manufacture and transportation.
During the same period, the infrastructure for phase 2 for the airport, primary industrial zone, as well as residential and tourism zones will be considered and incorporated in planning and implementation.
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August 2010 to September 2010: Period of finalization and consolidation, including final planning and evaluation of the timing and extent of phase 2 development works required to cater for emerging demand. Prepare phase 2 FEZ budgets and development timetable. Present the final phase 2 business plan to KCI Board and Principle, including budget and plan of implementation.
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October 2010 onwards. With appropriate funding in place, we can commence phase 2 of development sections.

Budget for Airport Upgrade - Phase 1: